Age and language learning
There are different factors that affect language learning, for example, motivation, learning experience and preferences. Another factor is age.
Young children (up to about 5 years old) are good at language learning. At this stage, their brains develop to make language learning easy.
As children begin their education, language learning is still easy. They start formal instruction and learn to read and write. Also, children in this age group have the opportunity to interact with others. This helps with their language development.
During adolescence, language learning can be more difficult. Teenagers are good at analyzing grammar, but their brains are growing and changing. This makes language learning more of an effort. However, with motivation, exposure, and instruction, they can learn a language very well.
Adults can still learn new languages successfully, but it is often harder for them. Changes in the brain can make it more difficult to acquire native-like pronunciation and intonation. Adults also compare the new language with their first language. This can interfere with pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary. However, adult learners are good at solving problems and understand how languages work.
Age factors in language learning are not the only things that determine success or failure. Motivation, learning strategies, exposure, and cultural immersion are important factors at any age. Young and old learners can benefit from the help of guided practice, and comprehensive and engaging learning materials.